Mother and child, a rare sight in Germany
Germany came into existence when the Prussians unified the provinces previously belonging to the Holy Roman Empire. That only happened in 1871, making Germany a relatively young country. As a new dominant player in Europe, the balance of power was disturbed. World War One started, and was followed by the racialist National-Socialists. The Nazi’s pushed the Germans into the second World War. And lost.
Germany’s post-war revival was an economic miracle, but the guilt from the war is carried within the Germans to this day. They had to become the opposite of the evil nationalists, and so they opened their borders. Germany was no longer only for Germans.
The Forgotten European Slaves of North Africa and the Ottomans
Slavery. Images of Africans chained together and pushed into European vessels come to mind. They are boarding the ships on the west coast of Africa, at the start of a long journey across the Atlantic. Many starve to death, die of disease, or perish due to other reasons. It is a horrific episode in human history. To this day, Europeans and Americans alike bear the guilt of our ancestor’s actions.
Approximately 15 million Africans became slaves due to the trans-Atlantic slave trade. Every child learns about this in school, everyone knows about this suffering of the Africans. Yet, today, I’d like to highlight a less known episode of slavery. The slavery of the Europeans in North-Africa.
The Holocaust being of greater horror and death toll than the Armenian genocide, does not mean the Armenian genocide is not worth talking about. Similarly, even though the European slaves amounted to a ‘mere’ one million, it does not mean that therefore it is not worth discussing. Did you know already that there were approximately 1.000.000 European slaves taken to North-Africa?
The Revolution in France
The Beginning of France
While the Western Roman Empire collapsed, tribes began moving into its territory from across the Rhine. Many Germanic tribes now lived in the province of Gaul. One of these tribes, were the Franks.
Under their King Clovis, the Franks united the peoples living in Gaul. They conquered an area roughly matching modern-day France, and they did so over 1500 years ago. That was the start of France, making it the oldest state in Europe.
Clovis initially converted from Germanic paganism to Arian Christianity. The Arians, named after the priest Arius, differed from the Catholics in their idea of the nature of Christ. Although today this appears to be a rather minor detail, it triggered a major schism in the Church back then. Most Goths and Germanics converted to Arian Christianity, for example the Visigoths that ruled Spain. However, Clovis converted to the Catholic faith, embracing the papacy. Moreover, Clovis based the laws for this newly founded state on the Roman law. In effect, Clovis confirmed his legitimacy by embracing the legacy of Rome. And so, France’s Catholic faith and foundation of its state are closely linked together.
Ali-Ben Hamet, Caliph of Constantinople. By Theodore Chasseriau
Bombs Crush ‘ISIS’
Those that have been following the news recently will have read that the last major strongholds of the Islamic State, also known as ISIS, have been liberated. Endless artillery fire reduced the cities to rubble. Yet, it leaves the Jihadis with little more than a few villages and swathes of desert to rule. Their dream of recreating the caliphate has proven to be unattainable. The defeat of ISIS is a reason to celebrate, but we must also remain cautious.
”First, Islam never had an enlightenment where religion and state were separated. The idea of secularism is strange to Islam. Second, at no point did Muhammed say anything about leaving to Ceasar what belongs to Ceasar. The acknowledgement of a government separated from the religion is unknown to Islam.” – Clovis Institute
Figures in the Courtyard of a Mosque, by Edwin Lord Weeks
Fertility of Muslims in Europe
We know that native Europeans have low fertility rates. The fertility rates are so low that the population shrinks, it is below the replacement rate of 2.1. The situation is different for the Muslim population in Europe. Rather than shrinking, births alone cause the Muslim population to increase by 66% by 2050 in the EU, Norway and Switzerland. The Muslim fertility rate is very healthy and allows their numbers to grow.
In a zero migration scenario, the Muslim population grows from 25 million to 35 million by 2050. At the same time, the native population shrinks. Considering there is a severe difference between the two groups here, let’s review the data.
Reply of the Zaporozhian Cossacks, by Ilya Repin. The Cossacks reject the Ottomans demand to submit.
The Future Presence of Islam in Europe
As of 2016, there were over 25 million Muslims estimated to be living in Europe. Spread over the entire continent this results in an average of 4.9% of Muslims. The total population lies around 500 million. However, the 4.9% is not spread evenly. France is currently on 8.8%, while Poland has less than 0.1% of Muslims compared to their populations. Moreover, the Muslims in Poland are likely to belong to the native Tatar population that has lived there for many centuries. On the other hand, the Muslims in France originate primarily from territories that used to be French colonies and arrived in large numbers since the end of World War 2. Since the end of the war we have seen a growing Muslim population in Europe.
We will discuss the predictions from Pew Research regarding the growing Muslim population, from zero migration to high migration. What are the consequences?
Massace of the Mamluks, by Horace Vernet
What Is Egypt?
A state on the Mediterranean, an ancient state with a long history. People think of pharaohs and pyramids. Distant lands, desert, the Nile and sun. The current ideological struggle between the West and Islam gives many the idea that Egypt has no place in Europe. Or, in the European Union. Besides, it is not even in the geographical area that we call Europe. Egypt is, quite clearly, located on the African continent.
However, none of that is a barrier to Egypt integrating closer with the European Union. On the contrary, the EU is the most interesting regional power.
The Ruins of Syria
The War comes to an end
The civil war against Islamic State in Syria appears to be dwindling down. Islamic State fighters are driven into an ever-shrinking territory. Their Iraqi capital of Mosul, where Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi proclaimed the caliphate three years ago, has fallen to the Iraqi army. And recently, their Syrian capital of Raqqa has succumbed to the Kurds. The revenue being generated by the Islamic State has declined by over 80%, greatly diminishing their military capability.
IS’ defeat looks like a certainty, which means Syrians might want to focus on the future. Fighting may continue for a while with the various factions in Syria; but many areas such as Aleppo are increasingly safe. As day to day life returns to the ancient cities of Syria, rebuilding becomes a necessity. Earlier articles discussed that Europe doesn’t need Syrians to fill job vacancies, and that Syrians don’t constitute a reliable plan to save the European pension funds.
One more unaddressed economic argument, however, remains: the Syrian economy itself.