Reply of the Zaporozhian Cossacks, by Ilya Repin. The Cossacks reject the Ottomans demand to submit.
The Future Presence of Islam in Europe
As of 2016, there were over 25 million Muslims estimated to be living in Europe. Spread over the entire continent this results in an average of 4.9% of Muslims. The total population lies around 500 million. However, the 4.9% is not spread evenly. France is currently on 8.8%, while Poland has less than 0.1% of Muslims compared to their populations. Moreover, the Muslims in Poland are likely to belong to the native Tatar population that has lived there for many centuries. On the other hand, the Muslims in France originate primarily from territories that used to be French colonies and arrived in large numbers since the end of World War 2. Since the end of the war we have seen a growing Muslim population in Europe.
We will discuss the predictions from Pew Research regarding the growing Muslim population, from zero migration to high migration. What are the consequences?
Massace of the Mamluks, by Horace Vernet
What Is Egypt?
A state on the Mediterranean, an ancient state with a long history. People think of pharaohs and pyramids. Distant lands, desert, the Nile and sun. The current ideological struggle between the West and Islam gives many the idea that Egypt has no place in Europe. Or, in the European Union. Besides, it is not even in the geographical area that we call Europe. Egypt is, quite clearly, located on the African continent.
However, none of that is a barrier to Egypt integrating closer with the European Union. On the contrary, the EU is the most interesting regional power.
The Ruins of Syria
The War comes to an end
The civil war against Islamic State in Syria appears to be dwindling down. Islamic State fighters are driven into an ever-shrinking territory. Their Iraqi capital of Mosul, where Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi proclaimed the caliphate three years ago, has fallen to the Iraqi army. And recently, their Syrian capital of Raqqa has succumbed to the Kurds. The revenue being generated by the Islamic State has declined by over 80%, greatly diminishing their military capability.
IS’ defeat looks like a certainty, which means Syrians might want to focus on the future. Fighting may continue for a while with the various factions in Syria; but many areas such as Aleppo are increasingly safe. As day to day life returns to the ancient cities of Syria, rebuilding becomes a necessity. Earlier articles discussed that Europe doesn’t need Syrians to fill job vacancies, and that Syrians don’t constitute a reliable plan to save the European pension funds.
One more unaddressed economic argument, however, remains: the Syrian economy itself.
Richard Lionheart, the Crusader King
What do British Muslims think?
Trevor Phillips has made a documentary delving into the beliefs of Muslims living in Britain. Politicians speak a lot about how important integration into society is when it comes to immigration.
Certainly, a big part of integrating into a society is taking on the set of beliefs of that society. After all, the beliefs and values form a great part of a country’s culture.
If the British wish to maintain their culture despite immigrants forming a large group of their population, it is critical that these immigrants accept and move towards British beliefs.
Allegory of Fertility by Jan Brueghel and Jan van Balen
The European migrant crisis has given rise to one very persistent argument; namely that Europe, and especially Germany, desperately requires migrants to make up for the declining workforce and to fund European pensions for the elderly. Before, it was discussed that Europe hardly needs to import its workforce from the Africa or the Middle East, since millions of Greeks, Spaniards and Italians are unemployed. But there is another argument why we would supposedly need migration – we need them for our pensions. Do we really?
Europe is supposed to have lost both its fertility and the ability to reverse this trend, which is why migrants are now being presented as those who might fill the gap.
There is a lot of talk about the labour markets in Europe. Ever since the crisis that started in 2008, there has been a constant interest in the topic. During the past years, with the recent flows of migrants entering Europe, labour markets were presented as an argument in favour of immigration from outside of Europe.
Briefly put, the argument is as follows; Germany has low unemployment, but also low birth rates. With Germany’s current birth rates their population size will decrease unless migrants take their place. It is deemed necessary that the country’s labour force remains the same size. That way it can pay taxes needed to sustain the ever increasing group of retired Germans. Hence, migrants should not only be tolerated, but basically welcomed as Germany’s saviors.
If we were to assume that Germany does indeed need people from outside its borders to fill those positions… Is this the most sensible solution?
It was the year 476 when the Western Roman Empire fell and the Ostrogothic forces sacked the city of Rome. Odoacer was the new ruler of the greatly diminished city of Rome and surrounding lands. We have here an example of a great Empire that collapsed and was taken over by the “barbarian” hordes. (i.e. people not belonging to one of the great civilizations: Greek, Roman, Christian) The question then becomes, what happened to life in Rome with these invaders usurping the throne?
Turkey joined NATO in 1952 and has been a member ever since. The treaty specifies that whenever a member is attacked, it is seen as an attack on all nations in the treaty. It is due to NATO that after 9/11 a multitude of countries supported the attack on Afghanistan. However, what happens if a rogue member will abuse this safety to provoke its neighbors? Does the rest of Europe and North-America really want to support Erdogan if for example Iran would attack Turkey? Why is Turkey still in NATO? Let us take a moment to review why Turkey was a useful contribution to NATO in the first place.